We develop (In)AlGaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with emission in the ultraviolet (UV) spectral region. The research work takes place in close cooperation with the TU Berlin within the Joint Lab GaN Optoelectronics. Activities include device simulation, design, epitaxy of (InAlGa)N heterostructures, device chip fabrication, assembly and characterization.
Advantages at a glance
- emission wavelength can be adjusted to the respective application by adapting the heterostructure
- small, compact and robust
- can be operated at low voltages (mobile applications)
- can be switched quickly
- do not contain toxic substances
Thanks to these properties, UV LEDs are already superior to conventional UV emitters such as mercury-based gas discharge lamps in many respects. As technology advances, the advantages of UV LEDs will continue to increase.
In the joint project CORSA*, SARS-CoV-2 and other respiratory viruses on surfaces and skin are to be inactivated by the use of UVC light. For this purpose, the FBH project team is developing special UVC LEDs with very short wavelengths and suitable irradiation systems. We supply these to the project partners, who investigate the efficiency of the UV-induced inactivation process as a function of wavelength, irradiation dose and virus habitat.
* Inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 by UVC light and compatibility for humans
In the DINoLED* project, a DIN standard is being developed that will lay the legal and normative foundations for drinking water treatment using UV light from LEDs. This is necessary because so far only mercury vapor gas discharge lamps have been approved for such treatments in Germany. FBH contributes its expertise in the field of UV LEDs, investigates typical available UVC LEDs on the market and supports the project partners with the obtained data as well as in the development of the draft standard.
* Development of a draft DIN standard for UV-LED-based water disinfection devices in public drinking water treatment
In the Epi-C project, we are developing the epitaxy of UVC LED semiconductor heterostructures. The goal is to realize LEDs with high output powers, low voltages and long lifetimes. Our focus is on the development of LEDs in the spectral region of 250 nm – 260 nm and 225 nm – 235 nm, which can be used, for example, to replace low-pressure mercury vapor lamps and for antiseptic wound treatment. For this purpose, we are developing, among other things, a suitable AlN/sapphire template technology as well as structures and growth processes for efficient injection and radiative recombination of charge carriers.
In the OLAV* project, the suitability and stability of encapsulation materials already available on the market as well as newly produced materials for the encapsulation of UVB and UVC LEDs will be investigated. For this purpose, we provide 265 nm and 310 nm LEDs to the project partners. We perform the electro-optical characterization of the LEDs with and without encapsulation and investigate the degradation behaviour of the encapsulation materials during LED operation.
* UV LEDs with optimized light extraction through adapted encapsulation technology
In the ULTRA.sens* project, photometric UV gas analyser’s based on UV LEDs are to be realized to detect gases such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide or hydrogen sulfur with detection limits < 1 ppm. For this purpose, we are developing in cooperation with the TU Berlin far-UVC LEDs (emission wavelength = 226 nm) with a sufficiently high efficiency and reliability for use in low-maintenance mobile gas analysers. We are also developing the LED emitter unit using LEDs of other wavelengths in addition to the far-UVC LEDs.
* UV gas analysis based on innovative UV LEDs and UV LED arrays
In the VIMRE* project, FBH is developing irradiation systems based on far-UVC LEDs. The project partners from the field of medicine want to prove that this radiation is suitable to kill microorganisms and especially multi-resistant pathogens. At the same time, they want to show that the radiation is harmless to humans if you adhere to certain radiation dose levels. The (230 ± 5) nm LEDs used in the systems are manufactured at FBH in collaboration with TU Berlin.
* Prevention of infection with multi-resistant pathogens via in-vivo UVC irradiation