Selective area isolation of β-Ga2O3 using multiple energy nitrogen ion implantation

K. Tetzner1, A. Thies1, E. Bahat Treidel1, F. Brunner1, G. Wagner2, and J. Würfl1

Published in:

Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 113, no. 17, pp. 172104 (2018).

Copyright © 2018 AIP Publishing LLC. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the AIP Publishing LLC.


In this study, we report on the application of multiple energy nitrogen ion implantation for the electrical isolation of electronic devices on monoclinic β-Ga2O3. By the introduction of uniformly distributed midgap damage-related levels in the Ga2O3 crystal lattice, we are able to increase the sheet resistances by more than 9 orders of magnitude to ≥1013 Ω/sq which remains stable up to annealing temperatures of 600°C carried out for 60 s under a nitrogen atmosphere. At higher annealing temperatures, the damage-related trap levels are being removed causing a significant drop of the sheet resistance down to 4×105 Ω/sq for annealing temperatures of 800°C. This effect is preceded by a structural recovery of the implantation damages via the recrystallization of the crystal lattice at already 400°C as verified by x-ray diffraction measurements. The extracted activation energies of the deep states controlling the high resistivity of Ga2O3 after implantation are in the range of 0.7 eV, showing a strong correlation with the annealing temperature dependence of the sheet resistance and thus supporting the theory of a damage-induced isolation mechanism.

1 Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Str. 4, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2 Leibniz-Institut für Kristallzüchtung (IKZ), Max-Born-Str. 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany