Epitaxial-Side Mounting of Terahertz Quantum-Cascade Lasers for Improved Heat Management
IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 16, pp. 1570-1573 (2013).
© Copyright 2013 IEEE - All Rights Reserved. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
First results on epitaxial-side (epi-down) mounting of terahertz quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs) on sapphire submounts using indium solder are presented. The single-plasmon ridge waveguide lasers emit in the range 3.1-3.3 THz. An epidown mounting scheme for stressless assembly is realized, which provides enhanced heat dissipation at the corresponding operating temperature and high stability against thermal cycling. The thermal conductance of the devices is improved by 30%, and the maximum continuous-wave operating temperature is increased by 10 K for epi-down mounted lasers achieving output power levels > 3 mW at 55 K.
1 Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Straße 4, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2 Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Flip chip, quantum-cascade lasers, semiconductor device packaging, terahertz (THz), thermal management.