Comparison of Ultraviolet B Light-Emitting Diodes with Single or Triple Quantum Wells

T. Kolbe1,2, A. Knauer1, J. Ruschel1, J. Rass1,2, H.K. Cho1, S. Hagedorn1, J. Glaab1, N. Lobo Ploch1,2, S. Einfeldt1, and M. Weyers1

Published in:

phys. stat. sol. (a), vol. 218, no. 14, pp. 2100100, doi:10.1002/pssa.202100100 (2021).

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This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

Abstract:

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with an emission wavelength of 310 nm containing either a single or a triple quantum well are compared regarding their efficiency and long-term stability. In addition, the influence of the thickness of the lower quantum well barrier and the quantum well thickness in single quantum well (SQW) LEDs is investigated. Electroluminescence measurements show a 28% higher initial output power for the SQW LEDs compared with the triple quantum well (TQW) LEDs because of larger spatial overlap of the carriers in the SQW as revealed by electro-optical simulations of the LED heterostructures. However, TQW LEDs show a higher output power than SQW LEDs after 1 h operation under harsh conditions. For SQW LEDs, it is found that for a thicker lower quantum well barrier (65 nm instead of 25 nm) the initial out put power decreas es by ∼15%. A thicker SQW (3 nm instead of 1.6 nm) reduces the initial output power by even 45% but increases the lifetime by a factor of 6 which is attributed to reduced Auger recombination from an enhanced spatial separation of electrons and holes in the quantum wells due to the quantum-confined Stark effect.

1 Ferdinand-Braun-Institut gGmbH, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Strasse 4, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2 UVphotonics NT GmbH, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Strasse 4, 12489 Berlin, Germany

Keywords:

Auger recombination, efficiencies, heterostructures, reliabilities, single quantum wells, ultraviolet light-emitting diodes