AlGaN-based deep UV LEDs grown on sputtered and high temperature annealed AlN/ sapphire
Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 112, no. 04, pp. 041110 (2018).
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The performance characteristics of AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes (UV-LEDs) grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy on sputtered and high temperature annealed AlN/sapphire templates are investigated and compared with LEDs grown on epitaxially laterally overgrown (ELO) AlN/sapphire. The structural and electro-optical properties of the devices on 350 nm sputtered and high temperature annealed AlN/sapphire show similar defect densities and output power levels as LEDs grown on low defect density ELO AlN/sapphire templates. After high temperature annealing of the 350 nm sputtered AlN, the full widths at half maximum of the (0002) and (1012) reflections of the high resolution x-ray diffraction rocking curves decrease by one order of magnitude to 65 arc sec and 240 arc sec, respectively. The curvature of the sputtered and HTA AlN/sapphire templates after regrowth with 400 nm MOVPE AlN is with -80 km-1 much lower than the curvature of the ELO AlN/sapphire template of -160 km-1. The on-wafer measured output powers of 268 nm LEDs grown on 350 nm sputtered and high temperature annealed AlN/sapphire templates and ELO AlN/sapphire templates were 0.70 mW and 0.72 mW at 20 mA, respectively (corresponding to an external quantum efficiency of 0.75% and 0.78%). These results show that sputtered and high temperature annealed AlN/sapphire provide a viable approach for the fabrication of efficient UVC-LEDs with reduced complexity and thus reduced costs.
1 Institute of Solid State Physics, Technische Universiät Berlin, Hardenbergstraße 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany
2 Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Str. 4, 12489 Berlin, Germany
3 Evatec AG, Hauptstraße 1a, 9477 Trübbach, Switzerland
4 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mie University, Mie 514-8507, Japan